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Mainstream religious traditions often find a division between their literalist and contemplative currents, often times the former antagonistic to the latter. Western occultism can be seen as a descendent of the contemplative currents that developed within mainstream Greek, Roman, and Judeo-Christian-Islamic traditions -- the main influences on Western civilization.

Greco-Roman

Mystery religions

Platonism

Neoplatonism

Jewish

Merkabah mysticism

Kabbalah

Christian

Gnosticism

Eastern Christian theology

Islamic

Isma'ilism

Sufism